Early diagnosis is very important as cure can be achieved in more than 9 in 10 men.
What causes testicular cancer :
- Brothers of affected family may have increased risk
- Undescended scrotal carries increased risk of developing cancer
- Men who have AIDS have slightly increased risk of developing cancer vague pain in the scrotum
Symptoms Of Testicular Cancer :
- Lump in the testis
- Dragging pain in the lower abdomen
- Heaviness in the testis region
- Blood tests are done to check tumour marker levels.
- CT abdomen, CT Chest will be required to see the extent of spread.
- Removal of testis can be curative in many patients. Additional treatment include removal of nodal swellings .(Retroperitoneal lymphadenectomy), chemotherapy and radiotherapy may be required.
- Regular self examination of testes can detect change in shape of testis and development of any swelling.